How to write adverbs in Hanyu Pinyin

cover of Chinese Romanization: Pronunciation and OrthographyI thought how to write adverbs in Hanyu Pinyin (1.1 MB PDF) would be the logical follow-up to last week’s posting of the rules for verbs.

Most of these are pretty straightforward, so I won’t discuss much here.

One note: Although reduplicated verbs lose the tone on their second syllable, reduplicated adverbs do not:

  • g?ngg?ng ?? (just now)
  • j?nj?n ?? (only; merely)
  • chángcháng ?? (often)
  • sh?osh?o ?? (a bit; slightly)

Here are some of the adverbs for which examples are given:

  • d?u ? (all)
  • zh? ? (only)
  • zuì ? (most, -est)
  • gèng ? (even more), b?jiào ??/?? (relatively)
  • h?n ? (very), tài ? (extremely; too)
  • g?ng ?/? (just now), y?jing ??/?? (already), céngjing ??/?? (in the past)
  • jiù ? (then), ji?ng ?/? (in the near future)
  • cái ? (finally)
  • hái ?/?
  • yòu ? (again; too)
  • zài ? (again)
  • y? ? (also, too)

As always, I recommend this to not just those interested in Pinyin orthography but also to those learning Mandarin (esp. those who are at least at the intermediate level).

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