Of Weights and Measures
Before the Dutch arriv'd on our Coasts, we had a certain way of reckoning things, whereby we could know when their Numbers were equal or unequal; but we had no kind of weight, such as a Pound or an Ounce, and therefore we bought and sold things by View, and not by Weight. But after the Hollanders came among us, and show'd us how Profitable the use of Pounds and Ounces would be in Commerce, we begun to weigh things that are rare by Ounces, and Pounds; but things that are common and less valuable, by 50, or 100l. weight at a time, as the Buyer and Seller had a mind: Our Pound agrees with the Dutch Pound, which consists of 16 Ounces, and is more then that Pound which is us'd in France: Which I found by a Copan of our Money that I brought with me to France, which weigh'd more then one of the French Pounds, tho it was but a Dutch Pound.
Things are measur'd in Formosa, according to the People's various humors, for some use, a greater, some a less measure; but the price is always fix'd according to the Greatness of the measure.
The Instrument wherewith they weigh things, is such as is us'd by the Butchers here in England when they weigh their Meat, but some are Bigger, some less as their occasions require.
They had no Names for Numbers before the Dutch came here, but they sufficiently declar'd to one another what Number they meant by their Signs and Fingers; but because the Dutch did not understand this way of Reckoning, they perswaded us to invent names to Signify Numbers which now we use after the same Manner as they do, proceeding from One to Ten, from Ten to Twenty, and so to a Hundred, a Thousand, &c. As appears in this example.
Amkon or Taufkon
or am Bornhny Bogio
and so on to
so 1000, 2000, &c. And this may suffice for this Article.