The Thirty-two Demands
Presented by the Settlement Committee to Governor-General Chen
Yi in Taipei, March 7, 1947
I. Reforms required to ensure equality for Formosans in local
- A provincial autonomy law shall be enacted and shall become the
supreme norm for political affairs within this province, so that
the ideal of National Reconstruction of Dr. Sun Yat-sen may be here
- The appointment of Commissioners shall have the approval of the
Peoples Political Council after new elections have been held. The
Peoples Political Council shall be newly elected before June, 1947.
In the meantime, such appointments shall be submitted by the
Governor-General to the Committee for Settling the February
Incident for discussion, approval or rejection.
- More than two-thirds of the Commissioners shall be appointed
from those who have lived in this Province for more than ten years.
(It is most desirable that such persons only shall be appointed to
the Secretariat and to the Departments of Civil Affairs, Finance,
Industry and Mining, Agriculture and Forestry, Education, and
- Unarmed gatherings and organizations shall enjoy complete
- Complete freedom of speech, of the press, and of the right to
strike shall be realized. The system requiring registration of
newspapers to be published shall be abolished.
- The Regulations in force covering the formation of popular
organizations shall be abolished.
- The Regulations governing the [Nationalist Party] scrutiny of
the capacity of candidates for membership in representative organs
of public opinion shall be abolished.
- Regulations governing the election of members of various grades
in representative organs of public opinion shall be revised.
- A Political Affairs Bureau of the Settlement Committee must be
established by March 15. Measures for its organization will be that
a candidate be elected by representatives of each village, town and
district, and then newly elected by the prefectural or city Peoples
Political Council. The numbers of candidates to be elected in each
city and prefecture are as follows:
|Peng-hu (The Pescadores)
- The Office of the Governor-General shall be converted into a
Provincial Government. Before this reform is approved by the
Central Government, the Office of the Governor-General shall be
reorganized by the Settlement Committee through popular elections
so that righteous and able officers can be appointed.
II. Reforms required to ensure security of person and
- Popular election of prefectural magistrates and city mayors
shall be held before June of this year and at the same time there
shall be new elections of members to all prefectural and municipal
- The posts of the Commissioner for the Department of Police
Affairs, and of directors for all prefectural or municipal Police
Bureaus ought to be filled by Formosans. The special armed police
contingents and the armed police maintained by the Railway
Department and the Department of Industry and Mining shall be
- No government organs other than the civil police can arrest
- Arrest or confinement of a political nature shall be
- All chiefs of local courts of justice and all chief prosecutors
in all local courts of justice shall be Formosans.
- The majority of judges, prosecutors and other court staff
members shall be Formosans.
- More than half the Committee of Legal Affairs shall be
Formosans, and the Chairman of the Committee shall be mutually
elected among its members.
III. Reforms required to ensure a revision and liberalization
of economic policy, and a reform of economic administration
- A uniform Progressive Income Tax shall be levied. No other
sundry taxes shall be levied except the Luxury Tax and the
- Managers in charge of all public enterprises shall be
- A Committee for Inspecting Public Enterprises, elected by the
people, shall be established. The disposal of Japanese properties
shall be entirely entrusted to the Provincial Government. A
Committee for management of industries taken over from the Japanese
shall be established. Formosans shall be appointed to more than
half of these Committee posts.
- The Monopoly Bureau shall be abolished. A system for rationing
daily necessities shall be instituted.
- The Trading Bureau shall be abolished.
- The Central Government must be asked to authorize the
Provincial Government to dispose of Japanese properties.
IV. Reforms affecting military administration of Formosa
- The military police shall arrest no one other than military
- As many Formosans as possible shall be appointed to Army, Navy,
and Air Force posts on Formosa.
- The Garrison Headquarters must be abolished to avoid the misuse
of military privilege.
V. Reforms affecting social welfare problems
- The political and economic rights and social position of the
aborigines must be guaranteed.
- Workmen's protection measures must be put into effect from June
- Detained war criminals and those suspected of treason must be
VI. Subordinate demands, subject to compromise
- The abolition of the Vocational Guidance Camp [an internment
camp for persons the Government decides to make over into "useful
citizens"] and other unnecessary institutions must be determined by
the Political Affairs Bureau of the Settlement Committee, after
- The Central Government must be asked to pay for the sugar
exported to the mainland on order of the Executive Yuan.
- The Central Government must be asked to pay for 150,000 tons of
food exported to the mainland, after estimating the price in
accordance with the quotation at the time of export. [This was
designed to recover, if possible, some of the costs of the
Settlement Committee interim administrative work.]
contents of Formosa Betrayed